Systematic reviews of prognostic studies III: PROBAST – A risk-of-bias tool for systematic reviews of prediction-modelling studies


Workshop session 5: Thursday, 14:00-15:30

Workshop category: 

  • Methods for conducting syntheses (including different evidence, searching and information retrieval, statistics, assessing methodological quality)


Date and Location


Thursday 14 September 2017 - 14:00 to 15:30


Contact persons and facilitators

Contact person:


Carl Moons


Wolff R1
1 Kleijnen Systematic Reviews Ltd, England
Target audience

Target audience: 

Authors conducting systematic reviews of prediction modelling studies

Level of difficulty: 

Type of workshop

Type of workshop : 



Objectives: Quality assessment of included studies is a crucial step in any systematic review. Review and synthesis of prediction-modelling studies is a relatively new and evolving area. The QUIPS tool is available for prognostic factor studies. However, a tool facilitating quality assessment for prediction-modelling studies, both for diagnostic and prognostic prediction models, is needed. We have developed PROBAST, a tool for assessing the risk of bias and applicability of all types of prediction-modelling studies. PROBAST assesses risk of bias and applicability of prediction-modelling studies. It consists of five domains (participant selection, outcome, predictors, sample size and flow, analysis) and 23 signalling questions across these domains.

Description: The workshop will be split into two sessions. The first session will give an overview of the development and structure of PROBAST. We have used a Delphi process, including 42 experts in the field of prediction research. The presentation will give an overview of the process of development, the final version of the tool (including the domains covered and signaling questions) and guidance on how to use it. In the second half of the workshop, participants will have the opportunity to experience this new tool first hand and to discuss issues with the creators of PROBAST.